The private Version of the brand new Counselor Survey (PST-Q) was created by Fernandez-Alvarez ainsi que al

The private Version of the brand new Counselor Survey (PST-Q) was created by Fernandez-Alvarez ainsi que al

(2003), and was designed to evaluate “new gang of characteristics that every therapist is applicable in just about any psychotherapeutic condition, hence creating part of the features of the fresh new therapeutic act” (p. 117). Brand new survey analyzes four different size: flexibility-rigidity (Educational subscale), distance-intimacy (Expressive subscale), cheaper engyearsment-deeper involvement (Engagement subscale), greater focused-narrow focused (Attentional subscale) and you will natural-structured (Surgical subscale). That is an excellent 36-product notice-statement scale completed from the practitioners having solutions rated toward a level anywhere between step one (overall argument)so you can 7 (complete contract). The brand new level indicates an examination-retest reliability out of .79, having Chronbach’s accuracy coefficients per subscale, the following; academic, .69; expressive, .75; wedding, .78; attentional, .80; surgical, .78. Grounds Data revealed a good KMO = .756 (Look for Table step one getting alphas in the present studies).

Performing Alliance Collection-Brief Means (WAI-S)

The functional Alliance List (WAI), produced by Horvath Greenberg (1986), is an effective thirty-six product survey which may be given to one another customers and you may practitioners that is ranked to the good eight-area Likert types of level from1 (never)in order to seven (always). Tracey and you will Kokotovic (1989) recommended a client and you will therapist Operating Alliance List-Quick Mode (WAI-S), that contains four circumstances per subscale (Task, Objective, and you can Bond) and you may full WAI-S ratings, appearing large reliability that have leader accounts similar to, plus much better than the latest WAI into the specialist subscales and you can complete mediocre scores (Activity, leader = .83; Thread, alpha = .91; Mission, alpha = .88; and you will Standard Alliance, leader = .95). Discover Table step 1 for alphas in the present studies.

Processes List (TL)

The methods List size are modified regarding Hollis (1995), exactly who catalogued an intensive set of counseling and you may therapy techniques symbolizing a broad spectral range of philosophical angles. In order to refine so it thorough number based on procedure used particularly because of the cognitive behavioural and constructivist procedures orientations, we employed counseling psychology scholar children to see the range of 108 treatment techniques and rate new the amount to which for each and every strategy is utilized by for every single therapeutic strategy (cognitive behavioural and you may constructivist), using a great 5-part Likert kind of size from 1 (Never ever otherwise Almost never) in order to 5 (Always or Typically).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of gratis siti per incontri over 60 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

This type of 40 circumstances have been detailed alphabetically and you can participants had been requested so you’re able to rate brand new the total amount to which they normally use for every single method in their practice of medication along good 5-part level from one (Never otherwise Rarely)in order to 5 (Always or Typically). The latest feedback of your own 20 rationalist affairs had been summed and you can a beneficial imply was computed to help you mirror an average regularity of using rationalist interventions (it is possible to variety = 1-5), plus the exact same techniques was utilized when considering the brand new 20 constructivist interventions.

The new raw investigation was used to carry out good confirmatory factor investigation into the Processes Checklist scale. The current investigation is actually checked out to possess multiple-variate normalcy and also the presumptions was indeed satisfied. Every kurtosis rates toward parameters decrease anywhere between step 1 and you can –1 variables except constructivist activities twelve, thirteen, 16, and 20 and you will intellectual behavioral goods step 3, which had good kurtosis thinking ranging from dos and you may –2. For that reason, these types of five facts were taken from the fresh size before powering the new confirmatory grounds research.

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